What To Expect During A West Virginia Personal Injury Trial

Sustaining a personal injury can be a devastating experience, both physically and financially. Unfortunately, in some cases, a person may need to file a personal injury lawsuit to recover damages incurred during the incident. This process can be complicated, and many people may not know what to expect during a West Virginia personal injury trial. In this article, we’ll explain the legal process, what to expect both before and during the trial, and any potential outcomes.

Pretrial Process

Before a trial, several steps need to occur. These steps are crucial and often require the expertise of an experienced personal injury lawyer to navigate:


Once a person has been injured, they should immediately consult with a personal injury lawyer. This will help determine if the person has a case and if they want to move forward with legal proceedings. During the consultation, the lawyer will evaluate the person’s claim and explain their options.

Investigation and discovery

After the initial consultation, the lawyer will begin investigating the person’s case. This may include interviewing witnesses, gathering medical records, and evaluating the accident scene. The lawyer will also gather any evidence they can use to prove the other party’s fault.

Filing the complaint

Once the investigation is complete, the lawyer will file a complaint with the court. This outlines the person’s claims and the alleged damages they sustained. The complaint is then served to the defendant.

Response and discovery

After receiving the complaint, the defendant will file a response to the claim. This may include admitting fault or disputing the claim. The discovery process then begins, where both parties will collect evidence and witness testimonies.

Trial Phase

The trial phase can be stressful for both the injured party and the defendant. Knowing what to expect can alleviate some of that stress and provide a general understanding of the trial process:

Jury Selection

Before the trial begins, the court will select a jury. The judge and the lawyers for both parties will ask questions to determine whether jurors have any biases or preconceived notions that may impact their decision.

Opening Statements

Once the jury has been selected, both the plaintiff’s and defendant’s lawyers will make opening statements. This is an opportunity to provide an overview of the case and the damages claimed.

Presentation of evidence

In this stage, both parties present evidence to support their case. This evidence may include testimonies from witnesses, medical records, and other documentation. The plaintiff’s lawyer will go first, followed by the defendant’s lawyer.


After presenting their evidence, each side will have the opportunity to cross-examine the other party’s witnesses. This is an opportunity to challenge the credibility of the witness or other evidence presented.

Closing Statements

Once the evidence is presented, both parties will make their closing statements. This is an opportunity for the lawyers to summarize the case and present a convincing argument to the jury.

Jury Deliberation and Verdict

After the closing statements, the case is turned over to the jury to deliberate. The jury will evaluate the evidence and the arguments made by both parties and decide on the verdict. If the jury finds in favor of the plaintiff, damages are awarded based on the evidence and the damages claimed.

Post-Trial Phase

If the plaintiff wins their case, the defendant may appeal the verdict, which may prolong the legal proceedings. If the defendant does not appeal, they must pay the plaintiff the damages awarded. If the defendant appeals, the case may go to a higher court. However, the plaintiff may also choose to settle out of court for a mutually agreed-upon amount before the trial process concludes.


A personal injury lawsuit is a complex and lengthy process. It’s important to understand the legal process and what to expect during a West Virginia personal injury trial. Hiring an experienced personal injury lawyer can help guide you through the process, and ensure that you receive the best possible outcome for your case.

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