Step-by-Step Process For Filing A Personal Injury Claim In Pennsylvania

Getting injured can be a stressful experience, and it can be even more daunting to navigate the process of filing a personal injury claim. Fortunately, Pennsylvania’s legal system offers a clear and comprehensive method for seeking compensation for personal injury cases. In this article, we will break down the step-by-step process for filing a personal injury claim in Pennsylvania, to help you better understand the process and feel more confident in pursuing your case.

Consultation with Personal Injury Attorney

Before you start the claims process, it’s essential to have an experienced personal injury attorney by your side. The attorney will help you understand your rights, the value of your case, and the likelihood of success. They will also be able to provide you with legal advice and support throughout the entire process, which can be crucial in securing a favorable outcome.

Evaluate Your Eligibility

The next step is to evaluate your eligibility for a personal injury claim. In Pennsylvania, you are eligible if you have sustained a physical injury due to someone else’s negligence. Negligence may include reckless or careless behavior, such as distracted driving or not following safety guidelines, resulting in the injury. Moreover, Pennsylvania follows comparative negligence, which means that if you are partially responsible for the injury, you can still recover damages, but the amount will be reduced.

Notify the Other Party

After consulting with your attorney, you must notify the other party that you intend to file a claim. This can be done in writing, where you inform them of your intention to hold them liable for your injuries. Notify the other party as soon as possible to avoid any confusion or delay in the legal process.

Investigation of the Case

After notifying the other party, the next step is to investigate the case. Your attorney will work with you to gather evidence, conduct interviews and review medical records to substantiate your claim. Once they have all the necessary information, they will be better prepared to build a compelling case.

Demand Letter

Once the investigation is complete, your attorney will draft a demand letter. This letter outlines your claim and demands compensation for the injury and any other damages, such as lost wages, medical bills or property damage. The other party has a specific amount of time to respond to the letter, either accepting or rejecting the settlement offer.

Filing a Lawsuit

If the other party does not respond to the demand letter or rejects the settlement offer, filing a lawsuit may be the next step. Your attorney will file a complaint in civil court, initiating the legal process. From this point, both parties will have to comply with the court’s procedures and rules.


During the discovery phase, both parties exchange information relating to the case. This may include asking for documents, deposing witnesses or conducting expert interviews. This phase may take some time, but it is essential to gather as much evidence as possible for your case.


Before going to trial, both parties have the option to participate in mediation. Mediation is an informal, voluntary process, where both parties work with a neutral third-party mediator, to discuss and negotiate a settlement. Mediation can be a beneficial option as it can help both parties avoid the expense, stress and uncertainty of a trial.


If mediation fails, the case proceeds to trial. During the trial, both parties present their evidence and arguments to a judge or jury, who will decide the outcome of the case. Trials can last for days or weeks, and it is essential to have your attorney with you every step of the way.


If you are not satisfied with the trial’s outcome, the final step is to appeal the decision. The appeals process can be complex and time-consuming, but your attorney will be able to advise you on the best course of action.


Filing a personal injury claim can be a long and complex process. However, with the right legal counsel and understanding of the legal system, you can navigate the process successfully. Following the above steps can help you to file a strong and compelling case and increase your chances of obtaining the compensation and justice you deserve.

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